Plasma Knowledge

Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching
 
Etching is the process of material being removed from a material’s surface. The two major types of etching are wet etching and dry etching (e.g., plasma etching). The etching process that involves using liquid chemicals or etchants to take off the substrate material is called wet etching. In the plasma etching process, also known as dry etching, plasmas or etchant gases are used to remove the substrate material. Dry etching produces gaseous products, and these products should diffuse into the bulk gas and be expelled through the vacuum system. There are three types of dry etching (e.g., plasma etching): chemical reactions (by using reactive plasma or gases), physical removal (generally by momentum transfer), and a combination of chemical reactions and physical removal. On the other hand, wet etching is only a chemical process.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching
 
The advantages of wet etching processes are the simple equipment, high etching rate, and high selectivity. However, there are many disadvantages. Wet etching is generally isotropic, which results in the etchant chemicals removing substrate material under the masking material. Wet etching also requires large amounts of etchant chemicals because the substrate material has to be covered with the etchant chemical. Furthermore, the etchant chemicals have to be consistently replaced in order to keep the same initial etching rate. As a result, the chemical and disposal costs associated with wet etching are extremely high. Some advantages of dry etching are its capability of automation and reduced material consumption. Dry etching (e.g., plasma etching) costs less to dispose of the products compared to wet etching. An example of purely chemical dry etching is plasma etching. A disadvantage of purely chemical etching techniques, specifically plasma etching processes, is that they do not have high anisotropy because reacting species can react in any direction and can enter from beneath the masking material. Anisotropy is when the etching exclusively occurs in one direction. This property is useful when it is necessary to remove material only in the vertical direction since the material covered by the masking material would not be removed. In cases where high anisotropy is vital, dry etching techniques that use only physical removal or a combination of both physical removal and chemical reactions are used.
 
A Plasma System to Suit Each Application & Advantages of Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD)Adhesion Science & Adhesion TreatmentsAnisotropic Etching & The Methods and Uses for Anisotropic EtchingApplications of a Plasma Asher & Surface ModificationArgon Plasma & Argon Plasma Role in Micro-SandblastingAtmospheric Pressure Plasma & Applications of Atmospheric Pressure PlasmaBonding Polyethylene & Using Plasma for Bonding PolyethyleneCoating PVD & Advantages and Disadvantages of Coating PVDContact Angle Measurements & How to Measure Contact AnglesCorona Discharge & The Properties of Corona DischargesCorona Treatment & The Differences between Corona Treatment and Atmospheric PlasmaCVD & Plasma Enhanced CVDDifferences between the Types of Plasma Treatments, Specifically Plasma Coating & Plasma Treatments IntroductionDry Etching & Dry Etching vs. Wet EtchingDry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Advantages and Disadvantages of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet EtchingDyne Levels & Determining a Dyne Level Using a Dyne TestDyne Testing & More about Dyne TestingEtching Silicon & How Etching Silicon is DoneEvaporated Coatings & Methods of Applying Evaporated CoatingsHF Etching & Buffered HF EtchingHistory of Plasma Treatment & Why Powder Plasma Treatment?How to Measure Surface Tension & More Methods of Measuring Surface TensionHydrogen H2 Plasma & Oxide-Layer Reduction with Hydrogen PlasmaHydrogen Peroxide Plasma & The Advantages and Uses of Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma SterilizationHydrophilic Treatment & How Hydrophilic Treatment WorksHydrophobic Coatings vs. Hydrophilic Coatings & Uses for Hydrophobic CoatingsInductive Plasma & The Application of Inductive PlasmaIndustries That a Plasma Asher is Used In & Plasma Etch Customer Parts (Plastic, Metal, Glass)Intelligent Textiles & The Possible Applications of Intelligent TextilesIsotropic Etching & Wet Isotropic Etching vs. Dry Isotropic EtchingLength of Activation for Plasma Treatments & Plasma Treatments and Types of Plasma CoatingLow Pressure Plasma Systems & Types of Low Pressure Plasma SystemsMaximizing Coating Adhesion & Applications of Improving Coating AdhesionNanotechnology Fabrics & Nanotechnology Fabric ProcessesNitrogen Plasma & Nitrogen Plasma vs. Oxygen PlasmaOleophobic Coating & Oleophobic Coating Plasma TreatmentOxide Etch & Buffered Oxide Etch vs. Plasma EtchOxygen Plasma Etching & How Oxygen Plasma Etching is AccomplishedPECVD Industrial Applications & PECVD EfficiencyPECVD Is an Improved Method of Chemical Vapor Deposition & Operation of PECVD SystemsPhysical Vapor Deposition & Physical Vapor Deposition ApplicationsPlasma Applications & Plasma applications in Surface ModificationPlasma Asher & How is Plasma Ashing Done?Plasma Asher Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etchers and SelectivityPlasma Beam & Plasma Beam ApplicationsPlasma Bonding & The Techniques for Plasma BondingPlasma Etching Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etcher ParametersPlasma Frequency & Ranges of Plasma FrequencyPlasma Gas & Plasma Gas (Partially Ionized Gas) – Degree of IonizationPlasma Generator & Types of Plasma GeneratorsPlasma Surface Modification & Plasma Surface SciencePlasma Surface Technology & Surface Technology CapabilitiesPlasma Treatment of Different Materials & Plasma Treatment of Silica PowderPlasma Treatment of Powder Applications & Experienced Powder TreatmentPlasma Treatment of Textiles & Plasma Treatment of Textiles: Medical and Technological ApplicationsPlasma Treatment Services & The Use of Corona and Plasma Treatment to Modify Contact AnglePlasma Treatment Systems & Plasma TreaterPlasma Treatments and the History of Plasma & Plasma Treat Different MaterialsPowder Treatment for the Customer & Industries that Need Powder TreatmentSteps of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Dyne Levels and Plasma Etching TechnologiesSurface Coating with PECVD System & Applications of PECVD SystemsSurface Treatments & Uses for Surface TreatmentsThierry Plasma Systems & What is Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)?What Industries Plasma Etching Is Used In & Plasma Etching MechanismsWhat is a Plasma Asher? & Differences between Plasma Etch and Plasma AshWhat is Plasma Density? & Plasma Density: Cold and Hot PlasmaWhat is Plasma Treatment? & Plasma Treatment of Powders

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