Plasma Knowledge

History of Plasma Treatment
 
Plasmas are gas mixtures of ions, electrons, radicals, neutral atoms, and molecules. Plasma was first discovered by William Crookes in 1879 and called "plasma" by Irving Langmuir in 1929. Since its discovery, plasmas have aroused great interest, both in basic research and in applied science and technology in diverse fields. One of its applications is plasma treatment, which modifies the surface of different materials (e.g., polymers, metals, textiles, and ceramics, among others) in very different ways, depending on the parameters of the treatment. The different types of plasma treatment include cleaning, etching, and activation with plasma. Also, in the last decades, plasma systems have been designed to treat different geometries and types of materials. With a plasma system, it is possible to treat two-dimensional or three-dimensional pieces of varying size, different materials, and even powder.
Why Powder Plasma Treatment?
 
One of the applications of plasmas which has attracted the interest of the industry in recent years is powder plasma treatment. Powders can be used in materials for bioengineering, composite materials, materials for paints and coatings, among many others. Modification of powders is a complex process because of the three-dimensional geometry of the particles or grains of dust. There is also a need to control the mixing to avoid the phenomena of aggregation, and the large surface area which must be modified in a uniform manner. The use of a plasma system allows you to overcome these difficulties, and it has the additional advantages of being economic, efficient, and environmentally-friendly. A specific example of the powder plasma treatment is the oxidation of polyethylene powder with atmospheric air plasma.
 
A Plasma System to Suit Each Application & Advantages of Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD)Adhesion Science & Adhesion TreatmentsAnisotropic Etching & The Methods and Uses for Anisotropic EtchingApplications of a Plasma Asher & Surface ModificationArgon Plasma & Argon Plasma Role in Micro-SandblastingAtmospheric Pressure Plasma & Applications of Atmospheric Pressure PlasmaBonding Polyethylene & Using Plasma for Bonding PolyethyleneCoating PVD & Advantages and Disadvantages of Coating PVDContact Angle Measurements & How to Measure Contact AnglesCorona Discharge & The Properties of Corona DischargesCorona Treatment & The Differences between Corona Treatment and Atmospheric PlasmaCVD & Plasma Enhanced CVDDifferences between the Types of Plasma Treatments, Specifically Plasma Coating & Plasma Treatments IntroductionDry Etching & Dry Etching vs. Wet EtchingDry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Advantages and Disadvantages of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet EtchingDyne Levels & Determining a Dyne Level Using a Dyne TestDyne Testing & More about Dyne TestingEtching Silicon & How Etching Silicon is DoneEvaporated Coatings & Methods of Applying Evaporated CoatingsHF Etching & Buffered HF EtchingHistory of Plasma Treatment & Why Powder Plasma Treatment?How to Measure Surface Tension & More Methods of Measuring Surface TensionHydrogen H2 Plasma & Oxide-Layer Reduction with Hydrogen PlasmaHydrogen Peroxide Plasma & The Advantages and Uses of Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma SterilizationHydrophilic Treatment & How Hydrophilic Treatment WorksHydrophobic Coatings vs. Hydrophilic Coatings & Uses for Hydrophobic CoatingsInductive Plasma & The Application of Inductive PlasmaIndustries That a Plasma Asher is Used In & Plasma Etch Customer Parts (Plastic, Metal, Glass)Intelligent Textiles & The Possible Applications of Intelligent TextilesIsotropic Etching & Wet Isotropic Etching vs. Dry Isotropic EtchingLength of Activation for Plasma Treatments & Plasma Treatments and Types of Plasma CoatingLow Pressure Plasma Systems & Types of Low Pressure Plasma SystemsMaximizing Coating Adhesion & Applications of Improving Coating AdhesionNanotechnology Fabrics & Nanotechnology Fabric ProcessesNitrogen Plasma & Nitrogen Plasma vs. Oxygen PlasmaOleophobic Coating & Oleophobic Coating Plasma TreatmentOxide Etch & Buffered Oxide Etch vs. Plasma EtchOxygen Plasma Etching & How Oxygen Plasma Etching is AccomplishedPECVD Industrial Applications & PECVD EfficiencyPECVD Is an Improved Method of Chemical Vapor Deposition & Operation of PECVD SystemsPhysical Vapor Deposition & Physical Vapor Deposition ApplicationsPlasma Applications & Plasma applications in Surface ModificationPlasma Asher & How is Plasma Ashing Done?Plasma Asher Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etchers and SelectivityPlasma Beam & Plasma Beam ApplicationsPlasma Bonding & The Techniques for Plasma BondingPlasma Etching Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etcher ParametersPlasma Frequency & Ranges of Plasma FrequencyPlasma Gas & Plasma Gas (Partially Ionized Gas) – Degree of IonizationPlasma Generator & Types of Plasma GeneratorsPlasma Surface Modification & Plasma Surface SciencePlasma Surface Technology & Surface Technology CapabilitiesPlasma Treatment of Different Materials & Plasma Treatment of Silica PowderPlasma Treatment of Powder Applications & Experienced Powder TreatmentPlasma Treatment of Textiles & Plasma Treatment of Textiles: Medical and Technological ApplicationsPlasma Treatment Services & The Use of Corona and Plasma Treatment to Modify Contact AnglePlasma Treatment Systems & Plasma TreaterPlasma Treatments and the History of Plasma & Plasma Treat Different MaterialsPowder Treatment for the Customer & Industries that Need Powder TreatmentSteps of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Dyne Levels and Plasma Etching TechnologiesSurface Coating with PECVD System & Applications of PECVD SystemsSurface Treatments & Uses for Surface TreatmentsThierry Plasma Systems & What is Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)?What Industries Plasma Etching Is Used In & Plasma Etching MechanismsWhat is a Plasma Asher? & Differences between Plasma Etch and Plasma AshWhat is Plasma Density? & Plasma Density: Cold and Hot PlasmaWhat is Plasma Treatment? & Plasma Treatment of Powders

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