Plasma Knowledge

Plasma Treatments and the History of Plasma
 
Plasma treatment processes are used to plasma clean, activate, etch, and coat. The wide range of applications of plasma treatment technology is beneficial to scientists and engineers, and its history is extensive. An example of plasma occurring in nature is the solar wind, and examples of man-made plasma are neon signs and fluorescent lights. To create man-made plasma, an electrical discharge is distributed through a gaseous species and this causes the gas to dissociate into electrons and ions, as well as the temperature to increase rapidly.

An American man, Irving Langmuir, was the one who first used the word “plasma” to describe ionized gas in 1927. The reason he used this term was because he thought the way blood plasma carries red and white corpuscles and germs is analogous to how the electrified gas carries electrons and ions. He was exploring ways to increase the lifespan of a filament in a tungsten-filament light bulb in the General Electric Research Laboratory, and he eventually developed the plasma sheaths theory and discovered Langmuir waves.
Plasma Treat Different Materials
 
Plasma treatment technology can be used to plasma treat materials like plastics, metals, and glass. For instance, plasma treatment can be used as a tool to create hydrophobic or hydrophilic surfaces. Plastics, in general, have low surface energy. Plasma activating and etching can increase the surface energy and surface area so that the plastic can bond better to other materials or even with other plastics. For plastics, atmospheric or oxygen gas are commonly used in the plasma cleaning process. Plasma coating can also be used to improve the aesthetics or to protect the material.

Metals can be covered with organic or inorganic components and oxidized layers. For example, when metals undergo a rolling process, it is sprayed with oils and these oils can mix with other fluids on the surface and cause adhesion issues in subsequent processes. Plasma technology is then used to plasma treat and ensure uniform cleaning of the surface of the metal and to break down oxides. Plasma cleaning glass and ceramic is similar to cleaning metals. Common process gases to plasma clean metals are argon and oxygen. Plastic, glass, and ceramics may require plasma treatment before lacquering or gluing, and the process gas is generally oxygen or air.
 
A Plasma System to Suit Each Application & Advantages of Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD)Adhesion Science & Adhesion TreatmentsAnisotropic Etching & The Methods and Uses for Anisotropic EtchingApplications of a Plasma Asher & Surface ModificationArgon Plasma & Argon Plasma Role in Micro-SandblastingAtmospheric Pressure Plasma & Applications of Atmospheric Pressure PlasmaBonding Polyethylene & Using Plasma for Bonding PolyethyleneCoating PVD & Advantages and Disadvantages of Coating PVDContact Angle Measurements & How to Measure Contact AnglesCorona Discharge & The Properties of Corona DischargesCorona Treatment & The Differences between Corona Treatment and Atmospheric PlasmaCVD & Plasma Enhanced CVDDifferences between the Types of Plasma Treatments, Specifically Plasma Coating & Plasma Treatments IntroductionDry Etching & Dry Etching vs. Wet EtchingDry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Advantages and Disadvantages of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet EtchingDyne Levels & Determining a Dyne Level Using a Dyne TestDyne Testing & More about Dyne TestingEtching Silicon & How Etching Silicon is DoneEvaporated Coatings & Methods of Applying Evaporated CoatingsHF Etching & Buffered HF EtchingHistory of Plasma Treatment & Why Powder Plasma Treatment?How to Measure Surface Tension & More Methods of Measuring Surface TensionHydrogen H2 Plasma & Oxide-Layer Reduction with Hydrogen PlasmaHydrogen Peroxide Plasma & The Advantages and Uses of Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma SterilizationHydrophilic Treatment & How Hydrophilic Treatment WorksHydrophobic Coatings vs. Hydrophilic Coatings & Uses for Hydrophobic CoatingsInductive Plasma & The Application of Inductive PlasmaIndustries That a Plasma Asher is Used In & Plasma Etch Customer Parts (Plastic, Metal, Glass)Intelligent Textiles & The Possible Applications of Intelligent TextilesIsotropic Etching & Wet Isotropic Etching vs. Dry Isotropic EtchingLength of Activation for Plasma Treatments & Plasma Treatments and Types of Plasma CoatingLow Pressure Plasma Systems & Types of Low Pressure Plasma SystemsMaximizing Coating Adhesion & Applications of Improving Coating AdhesionNanotechnology Fabrics & Nanotechnology Fabric ProcessesNitrogen Plasma & Nitrogen Plasma vs. Oxygen PlasmaOleophobic Coating & Oleophobic Coating Plasma TreatmentOxide Etch & Buffered Oxide Etch vs. Plasma EtchOxygen Plasma Etching & How Oxygen Plasma Etching is AccomplishedPECVD Industrial Applications & PECVD EfficiencyPECVD Is an Improved Method of Chemical Vapor Deposition & Operation of PECVD SystemsPhysical Vapor Deposition & Physical Vapor Deposition ApplicationsPlasma Applications & Plasma applications in Surface ModificationPlasma Asher & How is Plasma Ashing Done?Plasma Asher Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etchers and SelectivityPlasma Beam & Plasma Beam ApplicationsPlasma Bonding & The Techniques for Plasma BondingPlasma Etching Tailored to the Customer & Plasma Etcher ParametersPlasma Frequency & Ranges of Plasma FrequencyPlasma Gas & Plasma Gas (Partially Ionized Gas) – Degree of IonizationPlasma Generator & Types of Plasma GeneratorsPlasma Surface Modification & Plasma Surface SciencePlasma Surface Technology & Surface Technology CapabilitiesPlasma Treatment of Different Materials & Plasma Treatment of Silica PowderPlasma Treatment of Powder Applications & Experienced Powder TreatmentPlasma Treatment of Textiles & Plasma Treatment of Textiles: Medical and Technological ApplicationsPlasma Treatment Services & The Use of Corona and Plasma Treatment to Modify Contact AnglePlasma Treatment Systems & Plasma TreaterPlasma Treatments and the History of Plasma & Plasma Treat Different MaterialsPowder Treatment for the Customer & Industries that Need Powder TreatmentSteps of Dry Etching (Plasma Etching) and Wet Etching & Dyne Levels and Plasma Etching TechnologiesSurface Coating with PECVD System & Applications of PECVD SystemsSurface Treatments & Uses for Surface TreatmentsThierry Plasma Systems & What is Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)?What Industries Plasma Etching Is Used In & Plasma Etching MechanismsWhat is a Plasma Asher? & Differences between Plasma Etch and Plasma AshWhat is Plasma Density? & Plasma Density: Cold and Hot PlasmaWhat is Plasma Treatment? & Plasma Treatment of Powders

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